Child Welfare FAQs

Child Welfare Funding

Understanding Federal Funding Sources for Child Welfare

States and communities use a variety of financing strategies to support comprehensive services and supports for children and families in the child welfare system with behavioral disorders and their families. Federal funding resources for child welfare services and supports are a critical component in supporting and sustaining a system of care to meet their mental health needs, keep families together, and reunify children with families or support new families formed through adoption or guardianship.


Summary of the President’s Proposed FY 2012 Child Welfare Budget – The following chart, taken with permission from the American Humane Association, depicts the proposed child welfare budget for FY 2012 as compared to funds appropriated from 2008 – 2010.  The proposed cuts represent $58 billion below the funding level from 2010 and $100 billion less than the President proposed for FY 2011.

(in millions)

FY 2008

FY2009

FY2010

FY2012

CAPTA State Grants

$ 26.535

$ 26.535

$27.000

$ 27.000

CAPTA Discretionary Grants

$ 37.135

$ 41.757

$ 39.345 (1)

$ 29.000

CAPTA Community-Based Prevention

$ 41.689

$ 41.689

$ 41.000

$ 41.000

Title XX, Social Services

$ 1,700.00

$ 1,700.00

$ 1,700.00

$ 1,700.00

Title IV-B(1), Child Welfare Services

$ 281.744

$ 281.744

$ 282.000

$ 282.00

Title IV-B(2), Safe and Stable Families

$ 408.311

$ 408.311

$ 408.311

$ 408.311

Title IV-E, Foster Care Assistance

$ 4,581.00

$ 4,660.00

$ 4,681.00

$ 4,500.00

Title IV-E, Adoption Assistance

$ 2,191.00

$ 2,371.00

$ 2,462.00

$ 2,500.00

Child Welfare
Training / Research

$ 7.207

$ 7.207

$ 27.2

$ 27.2

Adoption Opportunities

$ 26.379

$ 26.379

$ 26.379

$ 26.379 (2)

  1. Removal of $2 million in earmarked funds for special projects and $10 million for a special initiative that was not passed by Congress last year.
  2. Combines with another similar adoption promotion program, but maintains funding.

Taken with permission from the Summary of the President’s Proposed FY 2012 Child Welfare Budget. American Human Association. Washington, DC.
http://www.americanhumane.org/assets/pdfs/children/summary-2012-budget-children.pdf

See also Analysis of the President’s FY 2012 Budget, published by the American Humane Association, Washington, DC.
http://www.americanhumane.org/assets/pdfs/children/fy-2012-budget-analysis-children.pdf